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Qualitative vs. Quantitative ResearchFoundations of Nursing Reasearch-5th ed.

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In _________ research, the individual's perspective is very important.
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Qualitative
In _________ research, the focus is on a group or population of interest rather than on an individual.
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Quantitative
Interest in qualitative research in nursing has grown in the US since the _______.
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Last decades of the 20th century (the 1990's).
How do quantitative and qualitative research differ?
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Quantitative: manipulation and control of phenomenon, verification of results, empirical data gathered through the senses. Qualitative: gaining of insight and understanding about an individual's perception of events. Interested in common emergent themes.
What are common methods for collecting data for qualitative research?
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Interviews and participant observations.
__________ research uses an inductive approach.
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Qualitative
_________ research uses a deductive approach.
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Quantitative
In which type of research study is there an acceptance of multiple truths?
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Qualitative
In which type of research study is there more likely to be a large sample size?
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Quantitative
In which type of research study is "explanation" a common characteristic?
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Quantitative
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In which type of research study is "discovery" a characteristic?
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Qualitative
Which type of research study is most likely to have a smaller sample size?
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Qualitative
What are the 9 steps of qualitative research?
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1. Identify the phenomenon to be studied 2. Select the research design 3. Review the literature 4. Select the sample 5. Gain entry to the research site 6. Protect the rights of the participants 7. Collect the data 8. Analyze the data 9. COmmunicate the study results
T/F? In qualitative research, the phenomenon of study may stay very broad until the researcher enters the field setting.
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True
What are characteristics of problem statements of qualitative studies?
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They can be broad and indicate the general nature of the phenomenon to be studied and the group/community that will be studied.
When do qualitative researchers review literature related to their topic of interest, and why?
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They typically review the literature at the end of the study to avoid bias . The review at the end allows researchers to identify how their research fits into the existing body of knowledge.
What is generally the sample size of a qualitative study?
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10-12 participants
________ means that a researcher in a qualitative study is hearing a repetition of themes as additional participants are interviewed. No new information is being obtained.
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Saturation
What must a qualitative researcher do prior to approaching people for a study?
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They must obtain permission from the IRB of the organization they are working for and to receive funding they must have proof of IRB approval.
Where does a qualitative researcher typically approach people to participate in their research?
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At their place of employment or where they live
  
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