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Health and Illness FundamentalsFundamentals of Nursing

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20) T/F Most people complete the final stage of illness at home.
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20) True
21) In this stage, the person gives up the dependent role and resumes normal activities and responsiblities.
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21) Fourth
22) Chronic illness is defined as:
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22) encompasses many different physical and mental alterations in health.
23) The following are characteristics of chronic illness:
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23) A permanent change, it causes, or is caused by, irreversible alterations in normal anatomy and physiology, it requires special patient education for rehab, it requires a long period of care or support.
24) T/F Chronic illnesses usually have a fast onset.
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24) False: Chronic illnesses usually have a slow onset.
25) Chronic illnesses may have periods of _______.
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25) Remission
26) Remission is defined as:
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26) The diease is present, but the person does not experience symptoms.
27) Heart problems, diabetes mellitus, lung diseases and arthritis are example of:
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27) Chronic illness
28) T/F Chronic illnesses are the leading health problem in the world.
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28) True
29) What are some current trends that result in an increase in chronic illnesses:
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29) growing numbers of older adults; lifestyle choices; environmental factors; the AIDS epidemic.
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30) To successfully adapt to the ___ _____, the individual must learn to live as normally as possible and maintain a postive self-concept and sense of hope.
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30) Chronic Illness
31) What is the definition of exacerbation?
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31) The symptoms reappear.
32) What are the models of health?
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32) Agent-host-environment model; Health-illness continuum; High-level wellness model; Health belief model; health promotion model
33) Who are the developers of the Agent-Host-Environment Model?
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33) Leavell and Clark
34) What is useful about the Agent-Host-Environment Model>
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34) Examining the cause of disease in an individual)
35) What is the definition of risk factors?
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35) Something that increses a person's chance for illness or injury.
36) T/F The agent, host, and environment interact in ways that create risk factors, and understanding these is important for the promotion and maintenance of health.
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36) True
37) What is the definition of an agent?
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37) An environmental factor or stressor that must be present or absent for an illness to occur.
38) What is the defintion of a host?
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38) A living organism capable of being infected or affected by an agent.
39) The ____ includes all the factors external to the host that make illness more or less likely.
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39) Environment
40) When the agent-host-environment are balanced ______ is maintained.
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40) Health
  
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