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Values Ethics and AdvocacyFundamentals of Nursing

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1) What is a value?
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1) A values is a belief about the worth of something, about what matters, that acts as a standard to guide one's behavior.
2) What is a value system?
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2) An organization of values in which each is ranked along a continuum of importance, often leading to a personal code of conduct.
3) T/F Individuals who place a high value on health and personal responsibility often work hard to reach their fitness goals.
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3) True
4) T/F An individual is born with values.
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4) False: Values are formed during a lifetime from information from the environment, family and culture.
5) Common modes of value transmission include: (5)
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5) Modeling, Moralizing, Laissez-faire, Rewarding and punishing, Responsible choice.
6) Through this mode of value transmission, children learn what is of high or low value by observing parents, peers and significant others.
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6) Modeling
7) Children whose caregivers use the ____ mode of value transmission are taught a complete value system by parents or an instituion.
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7) Moralizing
8) What is the laissez-faire approach?
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8) children explore values on their own and develop a personal value system.
9) This approach often involves little or no guidance and can lead to confusion and conflict.
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9) Laissez-Faire
10) Through _____ and ______, children are rewarded for demonstrating values held by parents and punished for demonstrating unacceptable behaviors.
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10) Rewarding/Punishing
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11) Caregivers who follow the responsible-choice mode of value transmission encourage children to:
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11) Explore competing values to weigh their consequences.
12) Support and guidance are offered as children develop a personal value system in this approach.
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12) Responsible choice
13) These five are professional values indentified by the AACN.
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13) Altruism, Autonomy, Human dignity, Integrity, Social Justice.
14) In what year did the AACN identify five profession values.
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14) 1998
15) Values clarification means:
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15) A process by which people come to understand their own values and value system.
16) Define altruism:
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16) A concern for the welfare and well-being of others.
17) Define autonomy:
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17) The right to self-determination.
18) Define human dignity:
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18) The respect for the inherenct worth and uniqueness of individuals and populations.
19) Define integrity:
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19) Acting in accordance with an appropriate code of ethics and accepted standards of practice.
20) Define social justice:
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20) Upholding moral, legal and humanistic principles.
  
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