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Quantitative Nursing ResearchFoundations of Nursing Research-5th Ed.

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What are the disadvantages of survey research?
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-the type of data obtained (self-report responses may be unreliable because people may provide socially acceptable, not necessarily accurate, responses)
In ________ studies, a researcher examines the strength of relationships between variables by determining how changes in one variable are associated with changes in another variable.
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Correlational research
What is a correlational coefficient?
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The magnitude and direction of the relationship between two variables
A correlation of -1.00 means...
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A perfect negative correlational relationship, as the value of one variable increases, the value of the other decreases
A correlation of 1.00 means...
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A perfect positive correlation, as the value of one variable increases, the value of the other variable increases
Pearson's r and Spearman rho refer to...
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Correlational coefficients
T/F The identification of an independent and a dependent variable may not be appropriate in some correlational studies.
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True, although, typically they are identified
In correlational research, the independent variable is the variable that...
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Comes first in chronological order and influences the other variable. It is NOT manipulated by the researcher
_________ studies examine the differences between intact groups on some dependent variable of interest.
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Comparative
What is the major difference between comparative studies and experimental studies?
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In comparative studies, there is no manipulation of the independent variable...it is usually some inherent characteristic like educational level, medical condition, etc.
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Comparative studies can be classified as ________ or ________ studies.
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Retrospective or Prospective
In _______ studies, the dependent variable is identified in the present, and an attempt is made to determine the independent variable that occurred in the past.
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Retrospective studies
In _______ studies, the independent variable or presumed cause is identified at the present time, and then subjects are followed in the future to observe the dependent variable.
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Prospective
Retrospective studies are frequently called ________ studies.
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Ex post facto studies (data collected after the fact-how the previous impacts the present)
Which type of correlational research, prospective or retrospective, may use an experimental approach?
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Prospective
Which type of correlational research, prospective or retrospective, can never use an experimental design?
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Retrospective
Which is less common, prospective or retrospective studies?
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Prospective
_________ studies are concerned with development, testing, and evaluation of research instruments and methods.
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Methodological studies
In ________ studies, data are analyzed that were gathered in a previous study.
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Secondary Analysis
What are the benefits of secondary analysis studies?
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The study is efficient, economical
________ studies are conducted in special environments created by a researcher. The researcher attempts to control the environment as much as problem.
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Laboratory studies
  
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